Month: September 2013

Patient consults with a Urology Doctor

Urological cancers are cancers found to affect the adrenal glands, penis, testes, urethra, kidney, bladder, and prostate. Cancers can develop at any age and in any organ of the urinary system, though some areas, such as the bladder and prostate, are more likely to develop cancer than others. As with most types of cancer, early…

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Diagram Illustrating aspects of a urinary tract infection

A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is an infection of any part of the urinary tract, such as the urethra, bladder, ureters, or kidneys. UTIs usually begin in the lower regions of the urinary tract, which are susceptible to bacterial contamination. It is important to seek treatment for a UTI, as untreated UTIs can spread,…

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ID: 5372
3d Illustration of Cancer Isolated in Prostate

Prostate cancer is cancer with a primary origin in the male prostate gland. Cancers in this gland usually grown very slowly, having little effect on a man’s quality of life. Little is known about the cause of the disease, although certain risk factors like age, ethnicity, diet, and family history elevate one’s chances of developing…

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ID: 5371
Medical Illustration of a Kidney with stones formed inside the kidney

Kidney stones are crystallized accumulations of minerals and acid salts within the kidneys. They are usually small – about the size of a very small pebble. However, stones as large as golf balls have been reported in some patients. Most kidney stones are painful, and some require urology treatment. A urologist can help patients manage,…

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Man in discomfort holding his right side due to kidney pain

The kidneys are two of the body’s most vital organs. They are responsible for filtering waste from the blood and producing hormones that keep the body in balance. When a kidney disorder develops, it can put these two vital organs at risk of damage. Sudden loss of kidney function is known as acute renal failure…

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ID: 794
Medical Diagram comparing a healthy kidney to a kidney with a cancerous tumor

Kidney cancer is cancer with a primary origin in the kidneys. The kidneys, which are responsible for filtering waste from the body, are located on either side of the spine. There are several types of cancers that can affect one or both kidneys, including renal cell carcinoma – the most common form of kidney cancer…

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Woman suffering from Urinary Incontinence holding her lower abdomen in front of a toilet

Urinary incontinence is the inability to control the bladder, either chronically or during certain activities. It most frequently affects women, who represent approximately 75 percent of all urinary incontinence sufferers. Although female urinary incontinence is not dangerous to one’s health, it can be an embarrassing problem that affects the quality of life. It is important…

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Couple in bed with their backs to each other frustrated from erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a condition that affects millions of men around the world and as many as 30 million men in America. Also known as impotence, this condition impairs a man’s ability to achieve a suitable erection for intercourse. In the majority of men with ED, the condition is a physical problem caused by…

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Doctor in surgery room standing next Da Vinci Robot preparing to perform a Prostatectomy

Da Vinci® robotic prostatectomy is a robot-assisted surgical procedure used to safely remove a cancerous prostate. This state of the art technology makes it possible to perform prostate surgery in a minimally invasive way that leaves much less scarring and affords a much shorter recovery period. The da Vinci ® system is so effective; the…

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Patient and doctor looking prostate diagram on a computer screen

A radical prostatectomy is a surgical procedure used to remove the prostate from men with localized cancer confined to the prostate gland. During the procedure, both the prostate gland and the seminal vesicles are removed. A traditional radical prostatectomy would require long incisions across the abdomen, which usually leaves patients in a lot of pain…

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Doctor with face mask and gloves displaying a model of a kidney

A radical nephrectomy is the surgical removal of an entire kidney for the treatment of kidney disease, cancer, or severe damage. Traditionally, nephrectomy procedures were performed with large incisions that required long hospital stays and complicated the risk of infection. Now, the da Vinci ® robotic system is making it possible for surgeons to complete…

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patient consults with doctor behind laptop cmoputer displaying kidneys and bladder

Pyeloplasty is a surgical procedure used to eliminate urinary blockages where the ureters and kidneys meet. During a pyeloplasty, the affected area is removed and the normal areas of the ureters and kidneys reconnected. Traditional surgery requires a large, open incision for the procedure, but a da Vinci ® pyeloplasty operation is performed with just…

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imgage of kidneys made of puzzle pieces and surgeon removing some pieces with surgical tools

A partial nephrectomy is a surgical procedure used to remove the diseased part of a kidney. Though not all patients qualify for a partial nephrectomy instead of a radical nephrectomy, those who do are less likely to develop chronic kidney disease or require dialysis. Traditional partial nephrectomy procedures require long incisions in the side or…

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Surgeons using the da vinci surgical robot to perform a Cystectomy

The da Vinci ® system can be used to perform a radical or partial cystectomy for the treatment of bladder cancer. Surgeons use the da Vinci ® system to assist in carrying out bladder removal. Though the surgeon remains in control of the robot, the entire operation is performed using minimally invasive techniques that leave…

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ID: 772
Diagram showing the stages of bladder cancer

Bladder CancerBladder cancer is a urological disease that usually affects the cells lining the inside of the bladder. Because its symptoms are easy to identify, the disease is usually diagnosed in its earliest stages. Fortunately, bladder cancer is highly treatable; with five-year survival rates estimated at 98 percent for a stage 0 diagnosis and 88…

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Diagram comparing a normal and enlarged prostate

The prostate gland is a small, walnut-shaped gland that plays an important role in sex and urination. With age, the gland may begin to grow, resulting in a condition known as benign prostate hyperplasia. This disorder may begin as early as a man’s 30’s or 40’s, although symptoms usually do not appear until many years…

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The lower spine is lined with small joints called facet joints. These joints contain medial nerves that submit pain signals to the brain when the joint has become inflamed. A lumbar medial branch block is a numbing injection administered to the nerves of an inflamed facet joint in the lower back. The medication ‘blocks’ pain…

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Lumbar Radiofrequency Ablation

Radiofrequency ablation is a medical procedure used to alleviate chronic lower back pain caused by an inflamed facet joint. The facet joints are located in pairs along the spine, from which medial branch nerves submit pain signals to the brain. A radiofrequency ablation (RFA) destroys these nerves using an electrically charged needle that submits heat…

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Lumbar Sympathetic Block

A lumbar sympathetic block is an injection of numbing medication to temporarily numb the nerves in the sympathetic nervous system. The sympathetic nerves are located in the lower back on each side of the spine, stretching from the spine into the lower body and legs. They are primarily responsible for regulating blood flow, although they…

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Lumbar Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection

Lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections are pain management tools used to hone in on specific nerves responsible for lower back pain and radiculopathy in the lower extremities. During a transforaminal injection, steroids are injected directly into the neural foramen where nerves exit the spine. In comparison to interlaminar and caudal epidural steroid injections, transforaminal ESIs…

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Peripheral Nerve Stimulator

Peripheral nerve stimulation is a pain management method used to treat chronic or intense pain associated with the peripheral nervous system. It works by using internal electrodes to emit low voltage electrical currents that interrupt pain signals sent by nerves in the peripheral nervous system. These devices are especially helpful for many patients who have…

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Sacroiliac Joint Pain

The sacroiliac (SI) joints are found at the base of the spine at the convergence of the sacrum and ilium bones. The joints where these two bones come together can become injured or inflamed, causing radiating pain, tingling, and other uncomfortable sensations in the lower back, hips, and lower extremities. Injections are given to both…

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Spinal Cord Stimulator Trial

A spinal cord stimulator trial is a temporary stimulating wire used over the course of several days to determine whether a permanent stimulator implant would be effective for providing a patient with long-term pain relief. Spinal cord stimulators deliver low voltage electrical pulses to the epidural space outside the spinal cord, relieving chronic or intense…

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Botox for Migraines

Botox – the cosmetic formulation frequently used to help smooth lines and wrinkles – is effective in the treatment of chronic migraine headaches. Millions of Americans suffer from migraine headaches, many of which are debilitating. As an alternative to pain medications, which provide only temporary relief, Botox that is given at regular intervals, a few…

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