Month: July 2013

Anxious woman biting her nails because of OCD

Obsessive Compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by a need to perform certain compulsions or rituals for no apparent reason. Although some of these behaviors are seemingly harmless, the compelling desire to perform some behaviors can endanger employment, family relationships and quality of life. Often, the stress of needing to perform OCD-related rituals…

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Child with learning disorder, frustrated in front of book

Children and adults with learning differences often struggle to keep up with their peers and co-workers. But they do not fall behind due to a lack of intelligence or an inability to ascertain knowledge, but rather due to a disability that complicates the ability to comprehend or communicate information. When parents and teachers are made…

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ID: 786
Young miserable depressed man sitting and thinking

Depression is a widespread mental illness that causes intense feelings of sadness, hopelessness and personal emptiness. It can be brought on by stress, regret, trauma, loss or even a genetic predisposition to developing the disease. People who are suffering from depression often present with chronic fatigue or appetite changes. They may also experience social disassociation…

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Couple in Marriage Therapy

Most couples in committed relationships know that rough patches are inevitable. No relationship is free disagreement or conflict, but partners can often overcome these obstacles and move forward together. But from time to time, marital issues may arise that challenge the health of a relationship and create tension, frustration or even distrust. A psychiatrist can…

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4 Four images of the same woman in various emotional states

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness characterized by severe mood swings and extreme emotions. Also known as manic depressive disorder, bipolar disorder can cause a patient to quickly oscillate between feelings of euphoria or excitement to states of depression or hopelessness. The disorder presents differently in every patient, with some people experiencing only occasionally mild…

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Closeup sad young woman with worried stressed face expression and brain melting into lines question marks suffering from anxiety disorder

Anxiety disorders are mental health diseases that are often brought on by stress. The term ‘anxiety disorder’ encompasses a number of psychiatric disorders – all of which can cause mental trepidation, dissociative anxiety, and physical symptoms. Many people suffer from anxiety that is unrelated to any specific circumstance or object, but rather produces ongoing symptoms seemingly…

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ID: 778
Frustrated boy with head on table unable to concentrate on his homework

Millions of children and adults across the country suffer from Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The conditions are collectively known as AD/HD, and they cause patients to become easily distracted or unable to focus for long periods of time. Those with ADHD experience these symptoms and also suffer from chronic…

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Baby bottle decay occurs as a result of long-term contact between the teeth and liquids that contain sugars. Often, infants and toddlers are allowed to drink from bottles for prolonged periods of time – perhaps while lying down or watching television. The liquids pool around the teeth, which can lead to a build-up of plaque. Over time, this…

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ID: 740
Dental Sealants

Dental sealants are clear coatings applied to the surfaces of a child’s molars to prevent the development of tooth decay. They work by preventing food and plaque from resting in the grooves and crevices of molars – an area especially susceptible to cavities. According to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, nearly 1 in 3 U.S.…

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Before and after image of teeth with cavities which have been cleaned and filled in with composite fillings

More than half of children over age six have some degree of tooth decay. When cavities are left untreated, they can lead to pain, infection and even tooth loss. Fortunately, pediatric dentists can fill cavities to prevent them from worsening or causing complications. Modern dentistry has made it possible to fill cavities discreetly using tooth-colored fillings, also…

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Smiling child sitting in dental chair next to dentist

Children should have a dental care home – preferably with a pediatric dentist who specializes in the oral health of children and adolescents. Early childhood dental visits help a child acclimate to the dental environment and become comfortable with his or her oral care provider. By attending appointments on a regular basis, children learn to put a value…

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Cartilage degeneration is a major cause of joint pain in America. Many factors, including age, genetics, overuse, and disease, can contribute to the development of cartilage tissue deterioration. Juvenile cartilage tissue transplantation is a revolutionary procedure used to treat this condition, eliminating pain and joint stiffness. During the surgery, new cartilage from a juvenile donor…

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ID: 4908

Fractures occur every day among people of all ages. In most cases, bones naturally heal on their own with little or no medical intervention. But some breaks require ongoing fracture care and oversight from an orthopedist. Whether a patient has stress fractures caused by overuse or multiple breaks caused by a car accident, an orthopedic…

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ID: 4906

The hip is one of the body’s most important joints. It plays an important role in nearly every basic function, from sitting and standing, to walking and bending. Most people are born with healthy hip joints that facilitate a wide motion range without pain or discomfort. But over time, one or both hips can develop…

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The joints are a silent, but important part of everyday life. They facilitate the most basic of motions, ideally without pain or stiffness. But the reality for millions of Americans is that physical injuries, degenerative disease, or years of repetitious movements cause chronic joint pain and discomfort. When the joints are not healthy, they can…

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ID: 685

Orthopedics is a specialty branch of medicine pertaining to conditions and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Everyone is born with many muscles, bones and connective tissues that work together to form the support structure of the body. Orthopedists work to ensure these components remain strong and healthy, and the patients are free of pain and…

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Orthopedic surgeons often perform knee replacements for patients who are limited by diseases and conditions like osteoarthritis or joint injury. But not all patients require a total replacement. Instead, a partial knee replacement can be used to replace only targeted bones and tissues while preserving as much of the natural joint as possible. Most patients…

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The spine is quite literally the backbone of the body. It serves as a complex system through which the brain controls all functions of the body. But when disease or injury causes problems within the spine, it can rain down uncomfortable symptoms on the rest of the body as well. Orthopedists work hard to free…

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Physical therapy is a valuable tool to doctors and orthopedists who are helping their patients rehabilitate injuries or recover from major surgery. It is a non-invasive method that can be used as a stand-alone therapy or in combination with other treatments. Physical therapy is a term used to describe a collection of therapeutic methods, such…

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Millions of people suffer from knee pain and stiffness – often due to degenerative joint disease like osteoarthritis. Physical traumas and joint diseases can significantly impair mobility and quality of life during even the simplest of activities. Although conservative measures are the first line of defense, many patients require extensive medical intervention to achieve relief…

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Visco supplementation is the use of specialized injections to reduce pain and inflammation in the knee. The injections are composed of a dense gel that contains hyaluronic acid, a biological protein that helps lubricate the joint. The body naturally produces hyaluronic acid, though quantities diminish with age. When this gel is injected directly into the…

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ID: 672

An arthroscopy is a diagnostic procedure used to evaluate the health of problem joints – particularly those in the knees, shoulders, wrists, hips and back. The procedure uses an arthroscope, which is an endoscopic device complete with a camera and light at the end. Inside the joint, the arthroscope transmits images of the joint to…

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Oral and maxillofacial surgeons specialize in the treatment of many oral and facial conditions, including diseases, defects, and injuries. Their work is generally isolated to the face and neck regions, incorporating both the hard and soft tissues of the mouth and jaw. Many patients visit oral surgeons for complicated tooth extractions, TMJ disorders, and oral cancer,…

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3d image of xray view of mans jaw, highlighting wisdom teeth in red

The wisdom teeth are the final four teeth to erupt from the gums – usually sometime between age 17 and 25. Ideally, the teeth emerge without complication. But according to the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, as many as 9 in 10 Americans have at least one wisdom tooth that is impacted. Even…

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temporomandibular joint

TMJ disorders are complications associated with the temporomandibular joint where the jaw and skull come together. This joint, although small, can cause chronic pain and symptoms that make performing everyday tasks quite painful or difficult. The symptoms of TMJ disorders are different from patient to patient, with some reporting pain that comes and goes and…

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ID: 649

Jaw alignment is an important part of oral health. When the jaw is out of alignment, it can negatively affect the bite, as well as the function of the mouth. Some misaligned jaws are so problematic; they cause abnormal wear on the teeth and other secondary symptoms, such as headaches. Also known as orthognathic surgery,…

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ID: 647
Patient in dental chair as doctor prepares instruments for bone grafting procedure

Bone grafting – also known as ridge and sinus augmentation – is a procedure used to build up the bone beneath the surface of the gums. The bones in the upper and lower arch of the mouth are responsible for supporting the teeth. When one or more teeth fall out, bone resorption occurs naturally. When…

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Cardiology

Cardiology is a specialty branch of medicine dedicated to the treatment and prevention of heart disease. Cardiologists help patients learn how to manage heart disease and better prevent future complications. Cardiologists also play an important role in the treatment of heart attacks and other cardiologic conditions like heart failure and heart rhythm disruptions. A cardiologist…

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As ophthalmologists, we are constantly looking for ways to improve patient outcomes and treatment experiences. In recent years, lasers have become a standard in ophthalmology, offering greater precision, faster treatments and minimal post-procedural complications. Currently, lasers are useful in the treatment of multiple ocular conditions, such as eye tumors, retinopathy, macular degeneration, glaucoma and retinal…

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ID: 2215

For centuries, people have been using corrective eyewear to address vision impairments. Today’s lenses have come a long way from their predecessors and include both glasses and contacts. There are many different types of lenses available – each of which fulfills a different purpose. Single-vision lenses, for example, are most common among young adults who…

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Diabetic retinopathy is a progressive eye disease that slowly deteriorates vision over time. In its initial stages, the disease may present few or no symptoms. This is called mild non-proliferative retinopathy, which can only be diagnosed in a dilated eye examination. It is important for anyone with diabetes to undergo a dilated eye exam each…

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Cataracts are a common eye condition that causes the natural lens of the eye to become clouded. The result is distorted and obstructed vision that impairs the ability to complete daily tasks, like driving and reading. Although cataracts are not a direct hazard to one’s health, they do restrict the quality of life. Many patients…

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Non-Invasive Vascular Studies

Non-invasive vascular studies are tests used to diagnose cardiovascular and circulatory conditions. Unlike some other types of vascular tests, non-invasive vascular studies are free of needles and dyes. There are many reasons for ordering a non-invasive vascular test. For example, your cardiologist may recommend further testing following a routine physical examination or the appearance of…

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Peripheral Vascular Intervention

Peripheral vascular disease involves blockages affecting the body’s lower extremities. These types of obstructions can cause serious circulatory complications – some of which can become fatal if left untreated. Intervention is necessary to prevent complications of peripheral vascular disease and the deterioration of the affected limb. Peripheral vascular intervention varies from patient to patient, with…

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Exercise and pharmacological stress testing are diagnostic procedures used to monitor or diagnose certain cardiovascular conditions, such a patient’s risk of suffering a heart attack. Cardiologists may order these tests for individuals who are beginning a new exercise regimen or who are considered to be at risk for cardiovascular complications. These tests place a controlled,…

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ID: 1397
echocardiogram

Echocardiography – also referred to as an echocardiogram – is a medical procedure used to measure the size and shape of the heart, as monitor the flow of blood through its valves and chambers. The diagnostic tests are more easily interpreted as a heart sonogram, which uses sound waves to measure cardiac output. Cardiologists often…

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Cardiac Catheterization & Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

The heart is arguably the most important organ in the body. Blood flows into it and out of it via a complex maze of blood vessels, which can also be used as a means of examining the condition of the heart and circulatory system. A special diagnostic medical procedure known as cardiac catheterization makes it…

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Anticoagulation Management

Anticoagulation management is the use of medications to prevent the blood from forming clots – especially among patients who suffer from circulatory conditions or who are diagnosed as at-risk for thrombosis. Often referred to as ‘blood thinners,’ these medications do not actually thin the blood, but rather prevent it from clotting. Cardiologists who place patients…

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Man with nice teeth smiling after orthodontic procedure

Everyone deserves a smile they can be proud of, and many achieve straightened, well-aligned teeth after undergoing orthodontic treatment as a child. But for adults who do not have the privilege of having straight teeth, orthodontics are still an option. In fact, there is no such thing as being too old for orthodontic treatment. More…

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Orthodontists primarily treat patients who need help correcting certain maxillofacial problems, such as misaligned teeth, malocclusion, or too much space between the teeth. Treating these conditions requires the assistance of orthodontic appliances, of which there are many. Orthodontic appliances come in many variations – some being fixed and some being removable. They serve various purposes,…

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The majority of patients undergoing orthodontic care are children and teens. When kids are young, their jaws are constantly growing to accommodate new teeth. It is during this time that the teeth are easily moved, allowing for a shorter treatment time – especially in patients who undergo early treatment. Braces, retainers, and spacers are just…

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Orthodontic emergencies can occur at any time during treatment and often pertain to complications with appliances. An orthodontic emergency is any circumstance that causes pain, threatens a patient’s health, or interferes with the course of orthodontic treatment. An emergency orthodontist can offer immediate assistance for emergencies, some of which include: broken wires loosened bands oral…

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An orthodontist is a dentist who specializes in the treatment of crooked or misaligned teeth. Contrary to popular belief, this branch of dentistry is not merely about the cosmetic appearance of patient smiles, but also about their oral health. Patients who visit an orthodontist for treatment often find it easier to brush their teeth and…

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Two-phase orthodontic treatment is a dual step method of aligning a child’s teeth and producing a functional bite. Usually, two-step orthodontic treatments begin between the ages of 7 and 9, when many of the primary teeth remain in a child’s mouth. The braces stay on for a year or two, after which time they are…

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The process of placing an orthodontic appliance is non-surgical, but it does require special post-procedural instructions to minimize patient discomfort and protect each patient’s appliance from damage. Failure to follow these instructions can prolong treatment, make treatment more costly, or even result in a dental or orthodontic emergency. Did you know… that it is normal…

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The field of orthodontics spans beyond corrective treatments. It also includes preventive care, which is used to prevent the development of a bad bite or crooked and overcrowded teeth. In fact, some children who undergo preventive treatments can avoid the need for far more invasive treatments later in life. By the time preventive orthodontic treatments…

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Annual gynecological exams are preventative tools available to help women identify and treat complications that pose a threat to their health as early as possible. By getting annual exams, women can also learn to maintain a healthy lifestyle and adopt habits that facilitate long-term health. Exams for women often screen for sexually transmitted diseases and…

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According to the American Pregnancy Association, more than 29 percent of women in the U.S give birth via caesarean section (c-section). C-sections are used to deliver a baby surgically, rather than through the birth canal. Most c-sections are reserved for emergencies or women who have either developed complications during pregnancy or are at high-risk for…

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Gestational diabetes is diabetes that occurs and is diagnosed during pregnancy. The disease can be caused by a number of factors, including genetics and lifestyle habits. A woman with gestational diabetes does not produce enough of her own insulin during pregnancy, causing erratic blood sugar levels. Gestational diabetes puts newborns at risk for respiratory complications,…

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ID: 814

Hysterectomies are routine gynecological procedures used to remove a woman’s uterus and sometimes her ovaries and fallopian tubes as well. When the uterus is removed, women are no longer capable of bearing children. They also stop menstruating and if the ovaries are removed, they will also enter menopause. Did you know… that by age 60,…

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